Ki-chi-pwot

According to oral history, Ki-chi-pwot (a Cree name) had a Cree bloodline but lived among the northern Ĩyãħé Nakoda group.

In 1877, the government wished to make a peace treaty with the Ĩyãħé Nakoda. A delegation of men and women made the journey to represent this Ĩyãħé Nakoda group. Ki-chi-pwot was appointed as its main emissary.

During these Treaty 7 deliberations, the men sat in the front, carrying bows and arrows. The women sat behind them, carrying spears. Those in the third row held skull-crackers. Some among them wanted to battle rather than to make peace, but all were ultimately persuaded to put down their arms.

On behalf of the northern Ĩyãħé Nakoda group, Ki-chi-pwot placed his mark on the Treaty document. Beside his mark was written: "Ki-chi-pwot, or Jacob". (Jacob was the name given to him by missionaries.)

Also signing Treaty 7, representing their respective Ĩyãħé Nakoda groups, were Ožĩja θiha (Bear Paw) and Chi-ne-ka (a Cree name). Written beside their three marks were the words: "Stony Chiefs".

Ki-chi-pwot was officially recognized as Chief of the northern Ĩyãħé Nakoda group, which then became known as "Jacob's Band". After Treaty 7 was signed, Jacob's Band was contained on the Morley Reserve together with the central and southern Ĩyãħé Nakoda groups.

Eight years after signing Treaty 7, Ki-chi-pwot died on the Morley Reserve in 1885.


Note:

All words in the Ĩyãħé Nakoda language that are written on this page are included in the Language menu segment for you to hear how they are correctly pronounced.