According to oral history, Ki-chi-pwot (a Cree name) had a Cree bloodline but lived among the northern Ĩyãħé Nakoda group.

In 1877, the government wished to make a peace treaty with the Ĩyãħé Nakoda. A delegation of men and women made the journey to represent this Ĩyãħé Nakoda group. Ki-chi-pwot was appointed as its main emissary.

During these Treaty 7 deliberations, the men sat in the front, carrying bows and arrows. The women sat behind them, carrying spears. Those in the third row held skull-crackers. Some among them wanted to battle rather than to make peace, but all were ultimately persuaded to put down their arms.

On behalf of the northern Ĩyãħé Nakoda group, Ki-chi-pwot placed his mark on the Treaty document. Beside his mark was written: "Ki-chi-pwot, or Jacob". (Jacob was the name given to him by missionaries.)

Also signing Treaty 7, representing their respective Ĩyãħé Nakoda groups, were Ožĩja θiha (Bear Paw) and Chi-ne-ka (a Cree name). Written beside their three marks were the words: "Stony Chiefs".

Ki-chi-pwot was officially recognized as Chief of the northern Ĩyãħé Nakoda group, which then became known as "Jacob's Band". After Treaty 7 was signed, Jacob's Band was contained on the Morley Reserve together with the central and southern Ĩyãħé Nakoda groups.

Eight years after signing Treaty 7, Ki-chi-pwot died on the Morley Reserve in 1885.


All words in the Ĩyãħé Nakoda language that are written on this page are included in the Language menu segment for you to hear how they are correctly pronounced.